1.A.5.a - Other, Stationary (including Military)

Last updated on 16 Oct 2015 06:19 (cf. Authors)

Short description

Kaserne_Immendingen.png

In category 1.A.5.a - Other, Mobile (including Military) the emissions from military stationary combustion are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category for (by1)
1.A.5.a Other, Stationary (including Military) T2, T3 NS CS NMVOC (L/T)

Method

Activity Data

The National Energy Balance of the Federal Republic of Germany (AGEB) provides the basis for the activity data used. Since the National Energy Balance (NEB) does not provide separate listings of military agencies' final energy consumption as of 1995 , including these consumption data in line 67: 'commerce, trade, services and other consumers' instead, additional energy statistics and data sources are used here.

Here, data fuel-specific data from the Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVg, 2013) [1] is being used, providing the "Energy input for heat production in the German Federal Armed Forces" for all years as of 2000.

For liquid fuels, data is derived from the official mineral-oil data of the Federal Republic of Germany (Amtliche Mineralöldaten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), compiled annually by the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA, 2014) [2]. The consumption figures given in units of [1000 t] are converted into [TJ] based on the relevant heating statistics published by the Working Group on Energy Balances.

All non-NEB figures are deducted from the figures in NEB line 67 (commerce, trade, services) and are reported in 1.A.5, rather than in 1.A.4.

Emission Factors

The database for the emission factors used for source category 1.A.5.a consists of the results of a research project carried out by the University of Stuttgart, under commission to the Federal Environment Agency (Struschka, 2008) [3]. Within that project, device-related and source-category-specific emission factors for combustion systems in military agencies were calculated, with a high level of detail, for all important emissions components for the reference year 2005. The method used to determine the factors conforms to that described for source category 1.A.4. The following table shows the sectoral emission factors used.

Table: Emission factors for Military stationary combustion plants
Pollutant NOx SOx NMVOC
Fuel [kg/TJ]
Hard coal 46 403 1
Brown coal briquettes 86 289 332
Light fuel oil 46 77 2.8
Gaseous fuel 25 0.5 0.34

Trend discussion for key sources

The following diagrams give an overview and assistance for explaining dominant emission trends of selected pollutants

NMVOC emissions show a remarkable falling trend due to the closure of military agencies especially at the beginning of the 1990s as well as the reducing use of lignite for heating purposes.

Recalculations

Minor changes of activity data were necessary for 2011 and 2012, when final NCV data became available.

For pollutant specific information on qualitative and quantitative impacts on 1990 and 2012 emission estimates see chapter 11. Recalculations.


Bibliography
1. BMVg, 2013: Bundesministerium der Verteidigung: Energieeinsatz zur Wärmeversorgung der Bundeswehr (unveröffentlicht).
2. BAFA, 2013: Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA): Official mineral-oil data of the Federal Republic of Germany 2012; table 7j, column: 'An das Militär'; URL: http://www.bafa.de/bafa/de/energie/mineraloel_rohoel/amtliche_mineraloeldaten/2012/index.html
3. Struschka, 2008: Struschka, Dr. M., Kilgus, D., Springmann, M.; Baumbach, Prof.Dr. Günter: Effiziente Bereitstellung aktueller Emissonsdaten für die Luftreinhaltung; UBA Forschungsbericht 205 42 322; Dessau, 2008. URL: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/uba-info-medien/dateien/3677.htm
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License