2.B.10.a - Other Chemicals

Last updated on 16 Oct 2015 06:20 (cf. Authors)

Short description

In 2.B.10.a, emissions of NMVOC, CO, PCDD/F, SO2, NH3, PM2.5, PM10, TSP and Hg are reported. Emission sources are the production of organic chemicals, of titan dioxide, of sulphuric acid, of carbon black, of fertilizers and of chlor-alkali industry.

Method

Table 1: Overview of emission sources covered
Emission sources Pollutants Method AD EF
Organic products -
Acrylonitrile NMVOC T2 NS CS
Ethylbenzene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Ethylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Ethylene Dichloride NMVOC, PCDD/F T2 NS CS
Ethylene Oxid NMVOC T2 NS CS
Formaldehyde (Methanal) NMVOC T2 NS CS
Methanol NMVOC T2 NS CS
Phthalic Anhydride NMVOC T2 NS CS
Low Density Polyethylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
High Density Polyethylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Polypropylen NMVOC T2 NS CS
Polystyrene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Polyvinyl Chloride NMVOC T2 NS CS
Propene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Styrene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Styrene Copolymeres NMVOC T2 NS CS
Vinyl Chloride NMVOC T2 NS CS
Carbon Black CO, SO2, TSP, PM10, PM2.5 T2 NS D, CS
Fertilizers TSP, PM10, PM2.5, NH3 T2 - D, CS
Sulphuric acid SO2 T2 NS CS
Chlor-alkali industry Hg T3 PS -

The annual production volumes for all organic products are extracted from national statistics by the Federal Statistical Office (DESTATIS, Fachserie 4, Reihe 3.1, Produzierendes Gewerbe, Produktion im Produzierenden Gewerbe ("manufacturing industry; production in the manufacturing industry").

The emission factors for the production of organic products as shown in table 2 and 3 are derived from best reference documents polymers and LVOC mostly for the early years. Then plant specific data on an aggregated level were used.

For ethylene dichloride Germany reports the emissions of PCDD/F. The emission factor is 0,036µg/t.

The figure for carbon black production in the new German Länder in 1990 was taken from the Statistical Yearbook (Statistisches Jahrbuch) for the Federal Republic of Germany (DESTATIS, 1992: p. 234); the figures for 1991 and 1992 were estimated, due to confidentiality requirements. The other data for carbon-black production as of 1990 were obtained from the Federal Statistical Office (DESTATIS, Fachserie 4, Reihe 3.1, Produzierendes Gewerbe, Produktion im Produzierenden Gewerbe ("manufacturing industry; production in the manufacturing industry"). The reasons for the production fluctuations during the period under consideration are unknown. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the increase of about 100 % in carbon-black production, with respect to the corresponding figure in 1990, is the result of the appearance of a new producer.

For the mercury losses from the Chlor-alkali industry Germany uses the yearly published data from OSPAR on the plant specific production capacity for the AD and the plant specific emissions from the chlor-alkali industry.

Emission factors

Table 2: NMVOC emission factors for organic products in Germany, in [kg/t]
Product Acrylonitrile Ethylbenzene Ethylene Ethylene Dichloride Ethylene Oxide Formaldehyde (Methanal) Methanol Phthalic Anhydride
1990 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1991 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1992 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1993 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1994 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1995 0.07 0.02 0.4 C 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.2
1996 0.05 0.015 0.3 C 0.045 0.015 0.04 0.15
1997 0.05 0.015 0.3 C 0.045 0.015 0.04 0.15
1998 0.04 0.012 0.25 C 0.04 0.012 0.04 0.12
1999 0.04 0.012 0.25 C 0.04 0.012 0.04 0.12
2000 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2001 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2002 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2003 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2004 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
from 2005 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
Table 3 : NMVOC-emission factors for organic products in Germany, in [kg/t]
Product Low Density Polyethylene (PE-LD) High Density Polyethylene (PE-HD) Polypropylen (PP) Polystyrene (PS) Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Propene Styrene Styrene Copolymeres Vinyl Chloride
1990 8 6 8 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1991 8 6 8 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1992 8 6 8 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1993 8 6 6 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1994 8 6 6 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1995 2.2 1 1 0.6 0.25 0.2 0.02 0.6 0.2
1996 1.6 0.75 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.15 0.02 0.5 0.15
1997 1.6 0.75 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.15 0.02 0.5 0.15
1998 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.32 0.25 0.12 0.02 0.4 0.12
1999 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.32 0.25 0.12 0.02 0.4 0.12
2000 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2001 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2002 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2003 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2004 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
from 2005 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
Table 4: Emission factors of carbon black in Germany, in [kg/t]__
Pollutant CO SO2 TSP PM10 PM2.5
1990 4.80 19.16 0.28
1991 4.60 19.01 0.28
1992 4.40 18.50 0.27
1993 4.20 18.00 0.26
1994 4.00 17.50 0.25
1995 3.75 17.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1996 3.50 16.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1997 3.25 15.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1998 3.00 14.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1999 2.90 13.40 0.25 0.23 0.12
2000 2.80 12.80 0.25 0.23 0.12
2001 2.70 12.54 0.25 0.23 0.12
2002 2.65 12.28 0.25 0.23 0.12
2003 2.60 12.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
2004 2.55 11.70 0.25 0.23 0.12
2005 2.50 11.50 0.25 0.23 0.12
2006 2.50 11.20 0.24 0.22 0.12
2007 2.50 10.90 0.23 0.21 0.11
2008 2.50 10.60 0.22 0.20 0.11
2009 2.50 10.30 0.21 0.19 0.10
from 2010 2.50 10.00 0.20 0.18 0.10
Table 5: Emission factors of fertilizers in Germany, in [kg/t]
Product Fertilizers Nitrogenous Fertilizers
Pollutant PM10 PM2.5 TSP NH3 TSP
1990 2 5 1
1991 2 5 1
1992 2 5 1
1993 2 5 1
1994 2 5 1
1995 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1996 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1997 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1998 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1999 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2000 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2001 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2002 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2003 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2004 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
from 2005 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1

Recalculations

For SO2-emissions from titandioxid production, sulphuric acid production and chlor-alkali industry the emissions of the two last years are always actualized. Because the emissions of the last year are always a prediction as the emissions are still not published.

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