Obsolete: 2.B.5 - Other Chemical Industry

Last updated on 16 Oct 2015 06:19 (cf. Authors)

Short description

Within NFR 2.B.5, emissions of NMVOC, CO, PCDD/F, SO2, PM2.5, PM10, TSP and Hg are reported, that result from the production of organic chemicals, titanium dioxide, sulphuric acid, carbon black and fertilizers as well as from the chlor-alkali industry.

Method

Table 1: Overview of emission sources covered
Emission sources Pollutants Method AD EF
Organic products -
Acrylonitrile NMVOC T2 NS CS
Ethylbenzene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Ethylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Ethylene Dichloride NMVOC, PCDD/F T2 NS CS
Ethylene Oxide NMVOC T2 NS CS
Formaldehyde (Methanal) NMVOC T2 NS CS
Methanol NMVOC T2 NS CS
Phthalic Anhydride NMVOC T2 NS CS
Low Density Polyethylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
High Density Polyethylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Polypropylene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Polystyrene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Polyvinyl Chloride NMVOC T2 NS CS
Propene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Styrene NMVOC T2 NS CS
Styrene Copolymeres NMVOC T2 NS CS
Vinyl Chloride NMVOC T2 NS CS
Carbon Black CO, SO2, TSP, PM10, PM2.5 T2 NS D, CS
Fertilizers TSP, PM10, PM2.5, NH3 T2 - D, CS
Titanium dioxide SO2 T2 - -
Sulphuric acid SO2 T2 NS CS
Chlor-alkali industry Hg T3 PS -

For the titanium dioxide production, the producers report the sum of all SO2 emissions, which are confidential and are therefore reported together with the SO2 emissions from the production ofsulphuric acid.

The figure for carbon black production in the new German Länder in 1990 was taken from the Statistical Yearbook (Statistisches Jahrbuch) for the Federal Republic of Germany (DESTATIS, 1992: p. 234); the figures for 1991 and 1992 were estimated, due to confidentiality requirements. The other data for carbon-black production as of 1990 were obtained from the Federal Statistical Office (DESTATIS, Fachserie 4, Reihe 3.1, Produzierendes Gewerbe, Produktion im Produzierenden Gewerbe ("manufacturing industry; production in the manufacturing industry"). The reasons for the production fluctuations during the period under consideration are unknown. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the increase of about 100 % in carbon-black production, with respect to the corresponding figure in 1990, is the result of the appearance of a new producer.

For ethylene dichloride Germany reports the emissions of PCDD/F. The emission factor is 0.036 µg/t.

For the mercury losses from the chlor-alkali industry, Germany uses annually published data from OSPAR on the plant specific production capacity for the AD and the plant specific emissions from the chlor-alkali industry.

Emission factors

Table 2: NMVOC emission factors for organic products in Germany, in [kg/t]
Product Acrylonitrile Ethylbenzene Ethylene Ethylene Dichlorid Ethylene Oxide Formaldehyde (Methanal) Methanol Phthalic Anhydride
1990 5 0.6 0.035 C 5 5 0.04 5
1991 5 0.6 0.035 C 5 5 0.04 5
1992 5 0.6 0.035 C 5 5 0.04 5
1993 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1994 5 0.6 5 C 5 5 0.04 5
1995 0.07 0.02 0.4 C 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.2
1996 0.05 0.015 0.3 C 0.045 0.015 0.04 0.15
1997 0.05 0.015 0.3 C 0.045 0.015 0.04 0.15
1998 0.04 0.012 0.25 C 0.04 0.012 0.04 0.12
1999 0.04 0.012 0.25 C 0.04 0.012 0.04 0.12
2000 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2001 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2002 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2003 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
2004 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
from 2005 0.035 0.01 0.2 C 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.1
Table 3 : NMVOC-emission factors for organic products in Germany, in [kg/t]
Product Low Density Polyethylene (PE-LD) High Density Polyethylene (PE-HD) Polypropylen (PP) Polystyrene (PS) Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Propene Styrene Styrene Copolymeres Vinyl Chloride
1990 8 6 8 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1991 8 6 8 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1992 8 6 8 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1993 8 6 6 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1994 8 6 6 1 0.25 2.5 0.02 5 0.2
1995 2.2 1 1 0.6 0.25 0.2 0.02 0.6 0.2
1996 1.6 0.75 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.15 0.02 0.5 0.15
1997 1.6 0.75 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.15 0.02 0.5 0.15
1998 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.32 0.25 0.12 0.02 0.4 0.12
1999 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.32 0.25 0.12 0.02 0.4 0.12
2000 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2001 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2002 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2003 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
2004 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
from 2005 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.27 0.14 0.1 0.02 0.3 0.1
Table 4: Emission factors of carbon black in Germany, in [kg/t]__
Pollutant CO SO2 TSP PM10 PM2.5
1990 4.80 19.16 0.28
1991 4.60 19.01 0.28
1992 4.40 18.50 0.27
1993 4.20 18.00 0.26
1994 4.00 17.50 0.25
1995 3.75 17.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1996 3.50 16.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1997 3.25 15.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1998 3.00 14.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
1999 2.90 13.40 0.25 0.23 0.12
2000 2.80 12.80 0.25 0.23 0.12
2001 2.70 12.54 0.25 0.23 0.12
2002 2.65 12.28 0.25 0.23 0.12
2003 2.60 12.00 0.25 0.23 0.12
2004 2.55 11.70 0.25 0.23 0.12
2005 2.50 11.50 0.25 0.23 0.12
2006 2.50 11.20 0.24 0.22 0.12
2007 2.50 10.90 0.23 0.21 0.11
2008 2.50 10.60 0.22 0.20 0.11
2009 2.50 10.30 0.21 0.19 0.10
from 2010 2.50 10.00 0.20 0.18 0.10
Table 5: Emission factors of fertilizers in Germany, in [kg/t]
Product Fertilizers Nitrogenous Fertilizers
Pollutant PM10 PM2.5 TSP NH3 TSP
1990 2 5 1
1991 2 5 1
1992 2 5 1
1993 2 5 1
1994 2 5 1
1995 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1996 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1997 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1998 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
1999 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2000 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2001 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2002 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2003 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
2004 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1
from 2005 0.12 0.08 0.17 5 1

Recalculations

For SO2 emissions from the production of titanium dioxide and sulphuric acid and from the chlor-alkali industry, estimates reported for the second-last year of the time series are routinely actualised by the producers. Furthermore, original emissions for the last year of the time series are not yet available at the time the inventory is compiled. Here, the reported values represent a prediction and are therefore updated with each new submission, too.

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