2.C.3 - Aluminium Production

Last updated on 16 Oct 2015 06:19 (cf. Authors)

Short description

The category 2.C.3 - Aluminium production is sub-divided into primary aluminium and secondary aluminium. In Germany, primary aluminium is produced in electrolytic furnaces with pre-baked anodes. The pre baked anodes are produced in separate anode production plants, where petroleum coke and tar pitch are mixed subsequently baked. This process produces PAH emissions. Hence, the aluminium production is a trend key category for PAH (TIER-2-method, TIER-3-method).
Secondary aluminium is produced in several different furnace types. According to different scrap qualities, the emissions in secondary aluminium industries are varying.

Methodological issues

Activity data

The production figures for the year 2012 were taken from the aluminium-industry monitoring report for the year 2012 (GDA, 2012). The total quantity of waste gas incurred per tonne of aluminium during the production of primary aluminium was multiplied by an average concentration value formed from several individual figures, from various different plants, with appropriate weighting.

Emission factors

The emission factors also make allowance for fugitive emission sources, such as emissions via hall roofs. The emission figures used for CO are the results of emission measurements within the context of investment projects.
The emission factors for SO2 are calculated from the specific anode consumption. The anodes consist of petrol coke; this material has specific sulphur concentrations of about 1.2 %, from which an SO2 emission factor of 10.4 kg/t Al can be calculated.
The average anode consumption is 430 kg of petrol coke per tonne of aluminium.

The following table shows some process-related emission factors.

pollutant Name of Category EF unit Trend
PAH anode production 300 mg/t constant
CO primary aluminium 180 kg/t constant
SO2 primary aluminium 7.341 kg/t constant
TSP primary aluminium 0.83 kg/t falling
PM10 primary aluminium 0.7055 kg/t falling
PM2.5 primary aluminium 0.581 kg/t falling
TSP resmelted aluminium 0.055 kg/t constant
PM10 resmelted aluminium 0.047 kg/t constant
PM2.5 resmelted aluminium 0.03843 kg/t constant


No recalculations have been carried out compared to the 2013 submission.

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