2.D.3.c Asphalt Roofing

Last updated on 16 Oct 2015 06:20 (cf. Authors)

2.D.3.c - Asphalt Roofing

Short description
Bitumen is used in production and laying of roof and sealing sheeting. Roof and sealing sheeting is laid by means of both hot and cold processes. The hot process, involving welding of sheeting, produces significant emissions of organic substances. The relevant emissions trends depend primarily on trends in quantities of polymer bitumen sheeting produced. Use of solvent-containing primers is not considered here; it is covered via the solvents model – cf. Chapter solvent-and-other-product-use (NFR sector 3).
Because of importance from other sources as solvents use, NMVOC emissions are considered and taken into account in this part of the emissions inventory.

Activity data
The quantity of roof and sealing sheeting produced (activity rate) has been provided by the Verband der Dachbahnenindustrie, the roof-sheeting manufacturers association (VDD, actual table exchanged with UBA) ever since a relevant cooperation agreement was concluded.
Emission factor
In the process, a distinction is made between emissions from production and emissions from laying of roof and sealing sheeting. The emission factor for production of roof and sealing sheeting was obtained via a calculation in accordance with current technological standards of German manufacturers (VDD, see activitiy data). The emission factor for laying of polymer bitumen sheeting has been taken from an ecological balance sheet (IKP, 1996). The implied emission factor for the source category has been increasing slightly, as a result of the increasing importance of polymer bitumen sheeting.
NMVOC emissions are calculated in keeping with a Tier 1 method, since no pertinent detailed data are available.

pollutant Name of Category EF unit Trend
NMVOC Production of roof and sealing sheeting with bitumen 0.000357955 kg/m2 constant
NMVOC Laying of roof and sealing sheeting with bitumen 0.000027 – 0.000040 kg/m2 rising

Emissions from the use of solvents are reported under specific categories of solvents use model, therefore the emission factors used are on a low level. The trend of emission is not influenced importantly by the changing use of material types.


Recalculation activities were not necessary.

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